PAC learning with stable and private predictions
Abstract: We study binary classification algorithms for which the prediction on any point is not too sensitive to individual examples in the dataset. Specifically, we consider the notions of uniform stability (Bousquet and Elisseeff, 2001) and prediction privacy (Dwork and Feldman, 2018). Previous work on these notions shows how they can be achieved in the standard PAC model via simple aggregation of models trained on disjoint subsets of data. Unfortunately, this approach leads to a significant overhead in terms of sample complexity. Here we demonstrate several general approaches to stable and private prediction that either eliminate or significantly reduce the overhead. Specifically, we demonstrate that for any class $C$ of VC dimension $d$ there exists a $\gamma$-uniformly stable algorithm for learning $C$ with excess error $\alpha$ using $\tilde O(d/(\alpha\gamma) + d/\alpha^2)$ samples. We also show that this bound is nearly tight. For $\eps$-differentially private prediction we give two new algorithms: one using $\tilde O(d/(\alpha^2\eps))$ samples and another one using $\tilde O(d^2/(\alpha\eps) + d/\alpha^2)$ samples. The best previously known bounds for these problems are $O(d/(\alpha^2\gamma))$ and $O(d/(\alpha^3\eps))$, respectively.